HUNGARY – BASIC FACTS
Area: 93,030 square kilometres
Neighbouring countries: Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania
Population: 9,830,000 inhabitants
Capital: Budapest (2 million inhabitants)
Other major cities: Debrecen (203,100), Szeged (162,600), Miskolc (158,100), Pécs (145,350)
Administrative language: Hungarian
Political system: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Currency Hungarian Forint – HUF
Time zone: Central European Time (CET), from April to October – summer time (GMT + 1, GMT + 2)
Climate: Continental climate with hot summers with low humidity levels but frequent rain showers and cold snowy winters. Average temperature in summer is 23 to 35 °C and average low in winter is – 3 to – 7 °C
Telephone numbers: The telephone code for Hungary is +36
Voltage: 230 v/50 hz
State and public holidays: January 1st – New Year´s Day, March 15th – Memorial Day of the 1848 Revolution, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May 1st – May Day (Labour Day), Whit Monday, August 20th – St Stephan‘s Day, October 23rd – Republic Day, November 1st – All Saints Day, 25-26th December – Christmas
Visa requirements: The list of countries whose citizens require a visa in order to visit Hungary can be found here: http://konzuliszolgalat.kormany.hu/how-to-apply-for-visa
Transportation: Hungary has a highly developed road, railway, air and water transport system.
Air: There are five international airports in Hungary: Budapest Liszt Ferenc (informally called “Ferihegy” after its previous name), Debrecen, Sármellék (also called Hévíz-Balaton Airport), Győr-Pér, and Pécs-Pogány.
Rail: Budapest, the capital, serves as an important hub for the Hungarian railway system (MÁV). The capital is served by three large train stations called Keleti (Eastern), Nyugati (Western), and Déli (Southern).
The Budapest Metro is the second-oldest underground metro system in the world; its Line 1 dates from 1896 and is a World Heritage Site. The system consists of four lines. A commuter rail system, HÉV, operates in the Budapest metropolitan area.
Roads: Hungary has a total length of approximately 1,314 km (816.48 mi) motorways (Hungarian: autópálya). Motorway sections are being added to the existing network, which already connects many major economically important cities to the capital. The most important port is Budapest.